Title: Adverse Impact and the Micro-Behaviors of Test Respondents: Pupillometry and the Search for Culture Fair Tests
Presenter: Dr. Paul J. Hanges, University of Maryland
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Abstract: Past efforts to understand the cause of adverse impact have examined average subgroup differences on either total test scores or on the probability of correctly answering individual test items. In contrast to prior work, we are measuring the micro-behaviors of test takers as they determine how to respond to test items. In particular, the micro-behaviors of interest include respondent attentional focus and mental effort exerted while answering classic cognitive ability test items. Preliminary results will be presented demonstrating how unobtrusive measures of these micro-behaviors can be obtained as well as initial findings regarding the strategies people use when Raven’s Progressive Matrices items. Research and practical implications of this work for developing valid cognitive ability tests that exhibit minimal adverse impact will be discussed.
Speaker Bio: Paul J. Hanges, Ph.D. is Professor of Industrial/Organizational Psychology and currently the Associate Chair/Director of Graduate Studies for the University of Maryland’s Psychology Department. He is also an affiliate of the University of Maryland’s R. H. Smith School of Business and the Zicklin School of Business (Baruch College). He was on the board of directors of OBA Bank from 2011 until it sold in 2014. Originally from New York City, Paul received his Ph.D. from the University of Akron in 1987.
Paul has worked with both public and private organizations (e.g., Central Intelligence Agency, Department of Transportation, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Personnel Board of Jefferson County, S. C. Johnson & Son) as well as various consulting firms (e.g., American Management Systems, Emerson Human Capital, Mercer, Inc.) and has been retained as an expert witness for several law firms. His work focuses on developing human resource practices (e.g., competence models, selection/promotion systems, training and development systems) and aligning organizational policies, practices, and procedures to produce desired organizational climate and improve organizational efficiency.
PTC/MW thanks GMU's Industrial-Organizational Psychology Student Association (IOPSA) for their continued support in organizing and hosting our monthly luncheons and workshops.